Investing in Gold: How to Invest in Gold For Beginners

Investing in gold is a great way to diversify your investment portfolio. Expert investors believe that investing in gold is more secure than investing in online stocks or mutual funds online.

And the reason is not too far-fetched either. For one, gold is a physical asset – making it easy to store and trade. If you are looking for asset security in times of inflation and economic crisis, then it’s a great idea to learn how to invest in gold. 

There are several ways to invest in gold. From investing in gold ETFs and gold stocks to buying physical gold bars or coins and digital gold online stocks, we’ll be looking at each option in this article.

Ready to learn how to invest in gold online? Let’s get started!

investing in gold

What are 3 Ways to Buy and Invest in Gold?

There are various ways to buy and invest in gold, catering to different preferences and investment strategies. 

Here are three common methods:

  1. Physical Gold (gold coins, gold bars, and jewelry)
  2. Gold Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)
  3. Digital Gold

How to Invest In Gold Bullion

Gold bullion refers to gold that is in the form of bars, ingots, or coins, and is typically valued by its weight and purity. Unlike numismatic coins or gold jewelry, gold bullion is valued primarily for its precious metal content rather than any artistic or collectible value.

Investing in gold bullion involves purchasing physical gold in the form of bars or coins. 

Here are the steps to guide you through the process of investing in gold bullion:

1. Educate Yourself

Now, this is a very important step. Before making any gold bullion investments, take the time to educate yourself about the various types of bullion, market conditions, and factors that influence gold prices. Understanding the basics will help you make informed decisions.

2. Determine Your Budget

Decide how much you are willing to invest in gold bullion. This will help you choose the size and quantity of gold bars or coins that fit your budget. Keep in mind that there may be additional costs, such as storage fees or premiums over the spot price, depending on where and how you buy.

3. Choose Between Bars and Coins

Gold bullion is available in the form of bars and coins. Typically, gold bars come in various weights, such as 1 ounce, 10 ounces, or kilogram sizes. 

Additionally, gold coins, issued by government mints, also come in different weights and designs. Choose the form that aligns with your preferences and investment goals.

4. Select a Reputable Dealer

It’s crucial to purchase gold bullion from a reputable and trustworthy dealer. Make sure you research different dealers, read customer reviews, and check that they have a good track record of delivering authentic and high-quality bullion. 

Reputable dealers are often accredited by industry organizations.

5. Verify Purity and Authenticity

When purchasing gold bullion, verify the purity and authenticity of the product. Gold bars and coins should have clear markings indicating their weight, purity, and origin. Reputable dealers provide certificates of authenticity or documentation with detailed information about the bullion.

6. Consider Storage Options

Next, you need to decide where you will store your gold bullion. Some investors prefer keeping it in a secure vault provided by the dealer or a third-party storage service. 

Others may choose to store it in a home safe. Keep in mind that storing gold at home involves security considerations, and insurance may be advisable.

7. Make the Purchase

Once you’ve chosen the type of gold bullion, selected a reputable dealer, and decided on storage options, proceed with the purchase. You can buy gold bullion online, through a local dealer, or from a government mint. Follow the payment instructions provided by the dealer and ensure secure payment methods.

8. Track Market Conditions

Keep an eye on market conditions and factors that influence gold prices. While gold is often considered a long-term investment, being aware of market trends can help you make informed decisions about when to buy or sell your gold bullion.

9. Consider Selling Strategies

When you decide to sell your gold bullion, have a clear strategy in mind. You can sell it back to the dealer, through an auction, or on online platforms. Be aware of potential taxes and fees associated with selling gold, and consider consulting with a financial advisor for guidance.

How to Invest in Digital Gold Online

If your question while reading this is “how can I invest in gold without buying gold?” Then the simple answer is digital gold. Unlike investing in gold bullion, you don’t actually need to buy the physical gold before investing in gold.

So, what is digital gold? 

Digital gold refers to a newer form of investing in gold that allows individuals to buy and own fractions of physical gold through online platforms. These platforms enable investors to purchase and store gold digitally, often backed by physical gold held in secure vaults.

Investing in digital gold online is a convenient and accessible way to gain exposure to the precious metal without the need for physical possession. 

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to invest in digital gold:

1. Research and Understand Digital Gold

Start by familiarizing yourself with the concept of digital gold. Digital gold platforms allow you to buy and own fractions of physical gold, often stored in secure vaults. Each unit of digital gold corresponds to a specific amount of actual gold.

2. Choose a Reliable Digital Gold Platform

Select a reputable and trustworthy digital gold platform. You should also research different platforms and ensure that the platform is transparent about its processes, fees, and security measures. Popular digital gold platforms include Augmont, MMTC-PAMP, and Paytm Gold.

3. Create an Account

Once you’ve chosen a platform, create an account. This typically involves providing your basic information, email address, and setting up a secure password. Some platforms may require additional verification steps to comply with regulatory requirements.

4. Verify the Platform’s Credibility

Before making any investments, verify the credibility of the digital gold platform. Check if the platform is regulated by relevant authorities and if it has partnerships with recognized entities in the gold industry. This helps ensure the legitimacy and security of your investment.

5. Fund Your Account

To invest in digital gold, you’ll need to fund your account. Most platforms accept payments through various methods, including bank transfers, credit/debit cards, and digital wallets. Follow the platform’s instructions to add funds to your account.

6. Browse and Purchase Digital Gold

Once your account is funded, browse the platform to view the available digital gold products. Select the amount or value you want to invest in and proceed with the purchase. The platform will allocate the equivalent amount of physical gold to your digital account.

7. Monitor Your Investment

After purchasing digital gold, you can monitor your investment through the platform. Track the value of your digital gold holdings, which should reflect changes in the market price of gold. Many platforms provide real-time updates on the value of your investment.

8. Consider Redemption Options

Some digital gold platforms offer redemption options, allowing you to convert your digital gold holdings into physical gold or receive the equivalent value in cash. Familiarize yourself with the redemption process and any associated costs.

9. Understand Fees and Charges

Be aware of any fees or charges associated with buying, selling, and holding digital gold. Different platforms may have varying fee structures, including transaction fees and storage charges. Understanding these costs will help you make informed investment decisions.

How to Invest in Gold ETFs

Gold ETFs (Exchange-Traded Funds) are investment funds traded on stock exchanges, representing ownership in physical gold or gold-related assets. These funds aim to track the performance of the price of gold. Investing in gold ETFs provides an opportunity to gain exposure to gold without the need for physical possession.

Investing in gold ETFs is a popular and convenient way to gain exposure to the price movements of gold without the need to physically own or store the precious metal. 

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to invest in Gold ETFs:

1. Research Different Gold ETFs

There are several Gold ETFs available in the market, each with its own features, expense ratios, and tracking methods. Don’t forget to check different Gold ETFs to find one that aligns with your investment goals. 

Popular Gold ETFs include SPDR Gold Shares (GLD), iShares Gold Trust (IAU), and Aberdeen Standard Physical Gold Shares (SGOL).

2. Choose a Reliable Brokerage Account

To invest in Gold ETFs, you’ll need a brokerage account. Choose a reliable and reputable online brokerage that offers access to the specific Gold ETFs you are interested in. 

Another thing to consider are factors such as fees, ease of use, and the range of investment options provided by the brokerage.

3. Open a Brokerage Account

Once you’ve selected a brokerage, open an account. This usually involves providing personal information, verifying your identity, and funding your account. Follow the steps outlined by the brokerage to complete the account setup process.

4. Deposit Funds into Your Account

Deposit funds into your brokerage account. This will be the money you use to purchase shares of the Gold ETF. You can fund your account through bank transfers, wire transfers, or linking it to your bank account.

5. Search for and Select the Gold ETF

Use the brokerage platform to search for the specific Gold ETF you want to invest in. Each ETF will have a unique ticker symbol, and you can find information about them on the brokerage’s website or trading platform.

6. Place an Order

Once you’ve selected the Gold ETF, place an order to buy shares. Specify the quantity of shares you want to purchase and review the order details. Ensure that you are comfortable with the terms before confirming the order.

7. Monitor Your Investment

After your purchase, monitor your investment regularly. You can track the performance of your Gold ETF through the brokerage platform, which should provide real-time updates on the ETF’s value and market price of gold.

8. Consider Selling or Rebalancing

If your investment goals change or if you want to take profits, you can sell your Gold ETF shares. Some investors also rebalance their portfolios periodically to maintain a desired asset allocation. Check the brokerage platform for instructions on selling your ETF shares.

When to Invest in Gold?

Determining the optimal time to invest in gold is not an exact science, but there are strategic periods that may enhance the potential benefits of your investment. 

Here are four key considerations:

  • Hedging Against Inflation

Investing in gold becomes particularly attractive when seeking a hedge against inflation. Gold has a unique relationship with the value of the dollar—it tends to rise when the dollar’s value falls, especially during inflationary periods. 

The physical nature of gold adds to its appeal as a secure asset in times of economic uncertainty and inflation.

  • Diversification of Portfolio

Another opportune time to invest in gold is when you aim to diversify your investment portfolio. Due to its low correlation with other asset classes, such as stocks and bonds, gold is often considered a safe haven asset. 

Its value tends to rise when traditional markets face downturns, providing a potential buffer against market volatility. Diversifying your portfolio with gold and other precious metals can contribute to a balanced risk-reward profile.

  • Consideration for Younger Investors

Younger investors with a longer time horizon may find gold to be a beneficial addition to their portfolios. With more time before retirement, younger investors can afford to take on greater risk. 

Including gold in their investment strategy can act as a safeguard during volatile market events, providing a level of stability to their overall portfolio.

  • Strategic Timing Throughout the Year

Statistically, certain months may present more favorable opportunities for investing in gold. According to GoldSilver’s analysis of historical data from 1975 to 2021, advantageous periods include early January, March, and early April, as well as from June to early July. 

Notably, January stands out as historically offering the lowest prices for gold in a calendar year. If considering gold as an investment, being mindful of these trends may help you make informed decisions.

Is It Safe to Invest in Gold Online?

Just like other investment options and assets, it is important you partner with the right gold investment platform. If you choose to buy physical gold, then you must research the place you buy the gold from and determine where you’ll store it beforehand.

For digital gold and ETFs, choose a reliable online brokerage firm to help you manage your stock. It is also important that you can monitor your gold stocks yourself.

Similar to investing in other financial instruments, investing in gold online comes with its own set of risks and considerations. However, with the right knowledge and precautions, it can be a safe and rewarding investment.

The most important thing is – don’t invest in what you don’t understand! Take time to study about how to invest in gold and the gold market before committing. 

Once you are educated about investing in gold online, then you can go ahead with your investments.

Here are some key tips for beginners on how to invest in gold online:

  • Educate yourself on gold investments
  • Choose the right investment option
  • Select a reputable gold investment platform
  • Diversify your portfolio
  • Understand the costs and fees
  • Stay informed and monitor your investments
  • Have a long-term perspective

Frequently Asked Questions About How to Invest in Gold Online

Let’s answer some common questions about how to invest in gold online.

Here’s how to invest in gold online in Nigeria:

  • Educate yourself on gold investment options
  • Select a reliable online brokerage or platform
  • Create an account on the chosen platform
  • Fund your account with the desired investment amount
  • Select between physical gold, gold ETFs, or digital gold
  • Place a buy order for your chosen gold investment
  • Keep track of your investment through the online platform

Here are some disadvantages of investing in gold:

  • Gold does not generate regular income
  • Gold lacks inherent growth like productive assets
  • Physical gold may incur storage and insurance expenses
  • Gold does not pay dividends to investors
  • Gold prices can be volatile due to various factors
  • Gold values heavily depend on market sentiment
  • Gold may not yield returns in low-interest-rate periods

You can buy pure gold bars through licensed retailers online. Prospective buyers can browse gold bar products on reputable retail websites.


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Tiwalade Okedara-Kalu

Writer & Blogger

Hello! I'm Tiwalade Joanna Okedara-Kalu, Creative Director at PayCape. With a rich background in tech freelancing and a passion for innovation, I'm excited to shape PayCape into the ultimate fintech hub. Join me on this journey of exploration and creativity in the world of financial technology!


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